Pinot Noir and Merlot are red wines that rank among the top ten most popular wines worldwide. Today we are going to put them head to head and compare pinot noir vs. merlot. These two wines can be vastly different. We’ll compare these two wines based on their differences in:
● Alcohol by Volume (ABV%)
● Food pairings
● Caloric Content
● Serving and Storage
So, if you want to understand more about merlot and pinot noir, you’ve come to the right place!
These wines are made from black grapes native to France but are now grown in a variety of places across the world.
Pinot Noir is a thin-skinned grape that produces dry wines with low tannins, medium bodies, and bright acidities.
Pinot Noir can be an expensive red wine as it is not only popular but also difficult to cultivate. Merlot, on the other hand, produces wines with more tannins, a heavier body, and darker colors.
Merlot wines tend to come in a wide variety of flavors – from fruity to savory. Merlot is generally available in greater quantities, so the price varies significantly.
Be sure to also read my Sauvignon Blanc vs Pinot Grigio head to head comparison as well, I love doing this series.
You may be familiar with Pinot Noir red wine in part due to the 2004 film “Sideways,” which played a key part in its growing popularity.
Pinot Noir has a long history. When the Romans invaded France in 121 BC, they discovered the Gallic tribes enjoying a ‘mysterious’ wine.
They found the wine was created from the wild Pinot Noir grape and had a distinctive texture as well as red fruit and spice notes. The Romans decided to grow vineyards in various places across the continent, resulting in a wide variety of Pinot Noir wines.
Pinot Noir grapes are notoriously difficult to grow as they requires very specific growing conditions to thrive. The best Pinot Noir wines are made in Burgundy, where the soil and climate conditions allow the variety to shine. Pinot Noir is also grown in France’s Champagne area, where it is used to make sparkling wines.
Pinot Noir expresses its trademark characteristics when grown in cooler climates, due to its acidity disappearing in climates with hot weather. It is also cultivated in Italy, Germany, Austria, the United States, Australia, South Africa, and Chile.
As it is grown in so many different parts of the world, there are many names for it. In Italy Pinot Noir is called “Pinot Nero”, in Spain “Pinot Negro”, in Germany “Spätburgunder” and in Austria and the German-speaking part of Switzerland they call it “Blauburgunder”.
Merlot does not have as long history as Pinot Noir. The oldest mention of the variety uncovered by wine historians dates from 1784, when a resident of Bordeaux claimed that Merlot was one of the best wines available at the time.
This leads historians to assume that this red wine existed before the 18th century, though no earlier references have been discovered.
The Merlot grape was once considered a “secondary” grape, and it was mostly used in blends with other wines by French winemakers. Fortunately, they recognized the potential of the merlot grape, and it is currently one of the most widely used stand-alone winemaking varieties.
France was devastated by a severe freeze in February 1956, destroying many Merlot grapes, and for the next few years, French vintners attempted to replant Merlot vines, only to be later damaged by rot.
In 1970 the French government banned vintners from planting new Merlot vines. The ban was lifted in 1975 and Merlot wines started regaining popularity. Occasionally this variety is used to produce rosé and white wines.
Outside of France, you will find Merlot cultivated in Italy, Spain, the USA, Argentina, Australia, Bulgaria and even China, since it can easily adapt to various soil-climatic conditions. Merlot has had over 50 synonyms but now, for the most part, Merlot wines will be labeled as such. However, some of its common synonyms are “Alicante”, “Merlau”, “Sémillon Rouge”, “Plan du Médoc” and “Saint-Macaire”.
Pinot Noir vs Merlot: A Comparison
Now that we are familiar with those two wine varieties, let’s take a comprehensive look at how they differ in terms of the individual characteristics.
|Tannins||Silky and low||Soft but noticeable|
|Body||Light to medium||Medium to full|
|Color||Light||Medium dark to opaque|
|Aromas||Red fruit (cranberries, raspberries, red cherries) and earthy notes (mushrooms)||Plum, black cherries, mocha, vanilla, caramel, chocolate|
|Taste||Cherry, raspberry, mushroom, forest floor and notes of vanilla and baking spice when aged in oak||Graphite, herbs, blackberries, black cherries, plums, cocoa and notes of vanilla, clove and cedar when aged in oak|
|Alcohol by Volume (ABV)||12-15%||13-14%|
|Food Pairings||Light red meats (duck and lamb), white meats (turkey and chicken), salmon, mushroom risotto, pasta and vegetables. Avoid spicy and overly flavored dishes||Chicken, turkey, burgers and pizza with fruity Merlots. Game meat, lamb and beef with fuller-bodied Merlots|
|Calories||About 125 calories in a 5 oz serving||About 125 calories in a 5 oz serving|
|Serving & Storage||55 to 65°F. Closer to 55°F for lighter bodied Pinot Noirs and closer to 65°F for fuller bodied ones. If recorked and refrigerated the wine will stay fresh for 1 to 3 days||60 to 65°F. If recorked and refrigerated the wine will stay fresh for 2 to 4 days.|
Let’s explore food pairing for both of these great wines.
Pinot Noir is a medium-bodied red wine with a delicate flavor and aroma profile that makes it a versatile choice for food pairing. Here are some suggestions for dishes that can be paired well with Pinot Noir:
- Poultry: Pinot Noir pairs well with poultry dishes such as roast chicken, turkey, or quail. Its bright fruit flavors and subtle tannins complement the flavors of the bird and help to bring out the best in both the wine and the food.
- Pork: Pinot Noir’s fruity flavors also make it a great pairing for pork dishes, particularly those with a slightly sweet or fruity component, such as glazed ham or pork tenderloin with a fruit glaze. Mushroom dishes: The earthy flavors of mushrooms pair well with the subtle fruit flavors of Pinot Noir. Consider pairing the wine with a mushroom risotto, mushroom-based pasta dish, or grilled portobello mushrooms.
- Salmon: Pinot Noir’s bright fruit flavors and moderate acidity make it a great pairing for salmon dishes. Consider serving it with grilled salmon, salmon en croute, or salmon with a fruity sauce.
- Beef: Pinot Noir can also work well with certain types of beef dishes, particularly those that are not too heavily seasoned or grilled. Consider pairing it with a roast beef tenderloin or a beef pot roast.
When pairing Pinot Noir with food, it’s important to consider the wine’s flavors and the overall balance of the dish. Pinot Noir’s delicate flavors can be overwhelmed by bold, heavily seasoned dishes, so it’s often best to pair it with more subtle, lightly seasoned dishes that allow the wine’s flavors to shine. In general, Pinot Noir is a versatile wine that pairs well with a wide range of dishes, making it a great choice for many different occasions.
Merlot is a type of red wine that is known for its smooth, fruity, and medium-bodied flavor profile. It is made from the merlot grape, which is a black grape variety that is native to the Bordeaux region of France. Merlot is often used as a blending grape, but it can also be made into a single varietal wine.
When it comes to food pairing, merlot is a very versatile wine that goes well with a wide range of dishes. Here are a few suggestions for foods that pair well with merlot:
- Beef: Merlot’s fruity and smooth flavor profile makes it a great pairing for grilled or roasted beef dishes. It can stand up to the bold flavors of a steak and also complement the richness of a slow-cooked roast.
- Pork: Merlot is also a great choice for pairing with pork dishes, especially those that are grilled or roasted. The wine’s fruity flavors can help to cut through the richness of the meat and add balance to the dish.
- Poultry: Merlot’s moderate tannins and fruity flavors make it a good match for poultry dishes, especially those that are roasted or grilled. The wine can also help to bring out the flavors of herbs and spices used in the preparation of the dish.
- Mushroom dishes: Merlot’s earthy and fruity flavors make it a great pairing for mushroom-based dishes, such as mushroom risotto or a mushroom and truffle pasta.
- Cheese: Merlot’s fruity flavors can also pair well with a variety of cheeses, such as brie, camembert, and blue cheese. The wine’s smooth texture can help to balance out the creamy texture of these cheeses.
Overall, merlot is a very versatile wine that can be paired with a wide range of dishes, from grilled meats and roasted poultry to mushroom-based dishes and cheese plates. When choosing a food pairing for merlot, it’s important to consider the wine’s fruity and smooth flavor profile, as well as its moderate tannins.
Red wines are often a matter of personal preference as to which wine you prefer. Merlot and Pinot Noir are both outstanding wines. The tannins in Merlot may be delightful to some, but they may be overbearing to others.
The acidity of Pinot Noir is the same way. Pinot Noir has the advantage of being able to make sparkling wines, and this style has a large following of its own, although Merlot has a wider range of taste and aromatic profiles, making it easier to select one that suits your preferences.
Remember that each wine expresses different characteristics depending on the part of the world where the vine is grown and the winemaking techniques followed, so wines of the same variety might be completely different. I invite you to host your own wine tasting events to find the perfect match for you.